What Is DHA and HMF in 100% Raw Manuka Honey?

On the surface, we can all recognise genuine Manuka honey with its caramel-like appearance and gooey, velvety texture. Nevertheless, there is far more than meets the eye with this raw and primal gift from nature. Several of the microscopic bioactive ingredients actually contribute to the unique nature of New Zealand’s rarest honey. 

Join us on an exciting scientific exploration into the wonders of Manuka honey’s unique composition, which includes several biochemicals that can reassure our loyal customers that they will receive consistently high-quality, fresh and authentic Manuka honey. 


What Is DHA in Monofloral Manuka Honey?

DHA, or dihydroxyacetone, is one of the lesser-known bioactive ingredients of pure Manuka honey. This is a very unique molecule and is part of the verification process of certifying genuine Manuka honey. DHA is most commonly known as the precursor chemical to methylglyoxal (MGO), which has been scientifically suggested to potentially have antibacterial properties. 

Originally found in the nectar of the Manuka flower, bees move the DHA from nectar and process the DHA along with the other components into the delicious, pure Manuka honey we all enjoy. 

Unlike MGO, which measures the potency of Manuka honey, DHA is a measure of shelf-life. Why, exactly? As DHA is the precursor and will over-time transition into MGO, this factor is an excellent method of understanding how long this specific honey will be potent. 


What Is HMF in Monofloral Manuka Honey?

HMF, or hydroxymethylfurfural, is a mouthful of letters but plays an integral role in ensuring the freshness of New Zealand’s rarest honey. How exactly? HMF is a heat-sensitive compound which is an important measure for understanding if the Manuka honey has been tampered with. Heating Manuka honey can lead to an increase in HMF, which has been suggested to be potentially toxic. 

This is why Primal by Nature has set a strict line about the concentration of HMF. To ensure there is no toxicity or lack of freshness, HMF concentrations do not exceed 40mg/kg. Primal by Nature can pledge to every customer our honey has been expertly crafted to ensure all of the chemicals are sitting at the optimal range to maintain a natural, pleasant and healthy natural treat. 


Are There Any Other Chemicals That Contribute To Pure Manuka Honey? 

To receive the coveted UMF certification, the above chemicals must meet a certain concentration. However, there are two other chemicals that are also considered before awarding the “Four Factor” certification. Along with DHA and HMF, leptosperin and MGO are also measured before awarding a UMF grade. 

While these four are paramount in understanding the quality and strength of Manuka honey, there is a very unique set of guidelines outlined by the Ministry of Primary Industries (MPI) - a branch of the New Zealand government. The criteria for New Zealand to recognise Manuka honey is very strict due to the cultural and economic significance of the product.

Click here to see the extent of testing required for both monofloral and multifloral Manuka honey in New Zealand. 


How Can I Be Sure That Primal By Nature Can Provide Manuka Honey With These Ingredients

Manuka honey ranges in strength, potency and authenticity, but there’s no need to guess if you’re buying the genuine kind when Primal by Nature can promise you with 100% genuine Manuka honey. Whenever you purchase one of our sustainably-packaged Manuka honey jars, you can be sure we are verified for: 

  • Packaging
  • Potency
  • Freshness
  • Shelf-Life
  • Authenticity

Primal by Nature - Sustainably Providing 100% Pure New Zealand Mānuka Honey 

Primal by Nature can deliver Mānuka honey from the rawest and most primal regions in some of the most remote New Zealand locations. We are your one-stop shop for a sustainable and natural solution. Our Mānuka honey comes in a range of UMF™ strengths

All Primal by Nature Mānuka honey arrives at your door in recyclable glass jars regardless of the level of MGO or UMF™. We believe that our pure New Zealand Mānuka honey must be the best and should be available to consumers in the same eco-friendly packaging. 

Primal by Nature eliminates the confusion surrounding Mānuka honey UMF™ grading systems and standards. As a result, you will be made aware of the different grades and be confident in buying a product that reflects an environmentally conscious brand. 

Taking Mānuka honey to the next level, every Primal by Nature glass jar contains a potent primal burst of nature. To taste Mānuka honey of this stature is to embrace nature itself. So take a look at our extensive selection of Mānuka honey products and become one with nature. 

Written by Shehan Wijetillake
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